The Best of Companions – Abu-Bakr

Abu Bakr was always a very close Companion of the Holy Prophet, he knew him better than any other man. He knew how honest and upright the Prophet was. Such knowledge of the Prophet made Abu Bakr be the first man to follow the Message of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He was indeed the first adult male to accept Islam.
The Holy Prophet told Abu Bakr what had happened at Mount Hira’, he told him that Allahsubhanahu wa ta’ala had revealed to him and made him His Messenger. When Abu Bakr heard this from the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, he did not stop to think, he at once became a Muslim. He submitted to Islam with such determination that once the Holy Prophet himself remarked, “I called people to Islam, everybody thought over it, at least for a while, but this was not the case with Abu Bakr, the moment I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any hesitation.” He was titled as-Siddiq by the Prophet because his faith was too strong to be shaken by anything.
In fact, Abu Bakr was more than a great believer, as soon as he became a Muslim, he immediately began to preach Islam to others. Among those who accepted Abu Bakr’s invitation to Islam were ‘Uthman, Az-Zubayr, Talhah, ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf, Sa’ad ibn Waqqas and others who later became the pillars of Islam.
Abu Bakr’s love of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was so great that he was willing to sacrifice his life for the sake of protecting and comforting the Prophet saw. Such love and sacrifice were demonstrated when one day the Holy Prophet was saying his prayers in theKa’bah, while some of the chiefs of Makkah were sitting in the court yard of the Ka’bah. Seeing the Prophet praying, ‘Uqbah ibn Abi Mu’it took a long piece of cloth and put it around the Prophet’s neck and twisted it hard in an attempt to strangle the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to death. At that moment Abu Bakr happened to pass by from a distance, he saw ‘Uqbah trying to strangle the Prophet to death. Immediately Abu Bakr ran to the help of the Prophet, he pushed ‘Uqbah aside and took the cloth from aroundthe Prophet’s neck. Thereupon the enemies of Islam came down upon Abu Bakr and beat him unmercifully, although Abu Bakr with faith like a rock did not care for his own suffering, he was glad that he was able to save the Prophet of Allah, even at the risk of his own life.
Abu Bakr with the wealth he had, also had a major role in freeing some of the Muslim slaves, who were barbarically tortured by their heartless Mushrik masters to give up the faith and return to their masters’ beliefs. The heartless monsters tried all kinds of torture: they made them lie all naked on the burning desert sand, putting big stones on their chest, as well as other kinds of torture. Here Abu Bakr’s wealth came to the rescue, as he bought the poor helpless slaves from their inhuman masters and set them free, Bilal al-Habashi, the slave of ‘Umayyah ibn Khalaf, was among those who were set free by Abu Bakr. Bilal became afterwards the mu’adhin at the Prophet’s mosque.

Migration to Madinah
Islam was growing rapidly in Makkah, the enemies of Islam were getting frustrated by this rapid growth. The chiefs of Makkah found that it is necessary for them to get rid of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam before Islam can cause a real threat to them, so they planned to kill the Prophet. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed to his Prophet the intentions of the non-believers and ordered him to migrate to Madinah. So the Prophet quickly went to Abu Bakr’s house who was among the few that were left in Makkah with the majority of Muslims having already migrated to Madinah.
The Prophet informed Abu Bakr that he was commanded to migrate to Madinah that night and that he has chosen him to have the honor of joining him on his migration. Abu Bakr’s heart was full of joy, “I have been looking forward to this day for months,” he exclaimed.
The Makkans were so eager to find the Prophet they were searching for. Once they came to the mouth of the cave, Abu Bakr grew pale with fright, he feared not for himself, but for the life of the Holy Prophet. However, the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remained calm and said to Abu Bakr, “do not fear, certainly Allah is with us”. Such words quickly calmed down Abu Bakr and brought back tranquility to his heart.

Participation in Battles
Abu Bakr, being the closest of Companions to the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, took part in all the battles that Prophet Muhammad had fought.
At ‘Uhud and Hunayn, some members of the Muslim army showed signs of weakness, however, Abu Bakr’s faith never wavered, he always stood like a rock by the side of the Prophet.
Abu Bakr’s great love of the Prophet was demonstrated when peace talks at Hudaibiya were held. During the negotiations, the spokesman of Quraysh was touching the beard of the Prophet every now and then. Abu Bakr’s love for the Prophet was so great that he could bear no more, he took out his sword and looked angrily at the man saying, ” … if that hand touches the beard of the Prophet again, it will not be allowed to go back.”
Tabuk was the last expedition of the Holy Prophet. He was keen to make it a great success, he therefore asked people to help the expedition with whatever they could. This brought the best out of Abu Bakr who beat all records as he took all his money and household articles and heaped them at the Prophet’s feet.
“Have you left anything for your children?” asked the Prophet. Abu Bakr then responded with great faith “Allah and his Messenger are enough for them.” Companions standing around were stunned they realized that whatever they do they could not outdo Abu Bakr in the field of service to Islam.

The Successor of the Prophet
The first Hajj under Islam was in the ninth year of Hijrah. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was too busy at Madinah to lead the Hajj, so he sent Abu Bakr as his agent, he was to lead the Hajj in place of the Prophet.
The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam led the prayers himself ever since he arrived to Madinah. During his last illness, the Prophet could no longer lead the prayers, he was too weak to go to the mosque, he therefore had to choose someone to fill such high position after him. Abu Bakr was also the one who was honored to be chosen by the Prophet for such a task.
When the news of the Prophet’s death came out, many Muslims were confused and stunned. ‘Umar himself was so overcome with emotions that he drew his sword and declared, “If anyone says that the Messenger of Allah is dead, I will cut off his head.”
Muslims stayed in such state until Abu Bakr arrived and gave his famous address: “O People! If anyone among you worshipped Muhammad, let him know that Muhammad is dead. But those who worshipped Allah, let them know that He lives and will never die. Let all of us recall the words of the Qur’an. It says:
‘Muhammad is only a Messenger of Allah, there have been Messengers before him. What then, will you turn back from Islam if he dies or is killed?'”
Suddenly Abu Bakr’s words started to sink in, and in no time confusion was gone.
Having shrugged off the shocking news of the Prophet’s death, Muslims realized that they need someone to fill the position of leadership amongst them.
The two main groups amongst Muslims were Muhajirun (refugees from Makkah), and Ansar(the people of Madinah). The Ansar gathered at the Thaqifah Bani Saydah their meeting place. Sa’ad ibn Abadah, the Ansar leader, suggested that the Caliph should be from amongst them. Although many refused saying that the Muhajirun in right have a better claim to Khilafah. When the news reached Abu Bakr, he quickly went to their gathering, fearing that confusion might spread once again, and said, “Both Muhajirun and Ansar have done great service to Islam. But the former was the first to accept Islam, they were always very close to the Messenger of Allah. So, O Ansar, let the Caliph be from amongst them.” After a short discussion, the Ansar agreed that they should choose the Caliph from amongst the Muhajirun, being from the tribe of Quraysh and being the first to accept Islam.
Abu Bakr then asked people to choose between ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah. Hearing this, both men jumped to their feet and exclaimed “O Siddiq, how can that be? How can anyone else fill this position as long as you are among us? You are the top man amongst the Muhajirun. You were the Companion of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in the Thawr cave. You led prayers in his place, during his last illness. Prayer is the foremost thing in Islam. With all these qualifications you are the fittest person to be the successor of the Holy Prophet. Hold out your hand that we may pledge loyalty to you.”
But Abu Bakr did not stretch out his hand. ‘Umar saw that the delay might lead to the reopening of the disagreements so he himself took Abu Bakr’s hand out and pledged loyalty to him. Others followed by example, and Abu Bakr became the first Caliph by general consent of the Muslims.
Such was the quality of the humble and generous Companion who believed the Prophet in everything to the extent that he was called As-Siddiq, by the Prophet. His great personality and service to Islam and Muslims earned him the love and respect of all Muslims, so that he was chosen as the first Caliph after the death of the Prophet by all Muslims.

Did You Know? 

  • Tigers not only have stripes on their fur, they also have them on their skin. No two tigers ever have the same stripes.
  • Fleas can jump up to 200 times their height. This is equivalent to a man jumping the Empire State Building in New York.
  • Elephants can smell water up to 3 miles away. They are also one of the three mammals that undergo menopause – the other two being humpback whales and human females.
  • Ostriches can run faster than horses, and the male ostriches can roar like lions.
  • Bats are the only mammals that can fly
  • There are one million ants for every human in the world. These resilient creatures also never sleep and do not have lungs.
  • Butterflies have two compound eyes consisting of thousands of lenses, yet they can only see the colours red, green and yellow.
  • Millions of trees are accidentally planted by squirrels that bury nuts and then forget where they hid them.
  • Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly backwards and their wings can beat at up to 80 times per second.

NATURE’S DISPENSARY– OLIVE

OGUNTOKE HAMEEDA

BOTANICAL NAME

Oleaeuropaea oleaceae

DESCRIPTION

The Olive tree is a plant that grows to about 10 meters with a grey twisted trunk. It has spear shaped-leaves which are grayish green on top and slivery white on the bottom.

Its white flowers grow in clusters, and its fruit (the Olive) is oval shaped and contains only one stone. The Olive begins as a green fruit and ripens to black.

EVIDENCE FROM THE QURAN AND SUNNAH

The Olive has been mentioned many times in the Quran, it is one of thee most blessed of green matters. From among the Aayat that the olive is mentioned are the following: Q24: 35, Q23: 20, Q6: 141

PART USED

All parts of the Olive tree are used, its bark, its leaves, its fruit and its oil.

CONSTITUENTS

Olive leave contains:

Secoirdoides (oleuropein in particular) which reduce blood pressure.

Triterpenes.

Flavanoids.

Olive Oil contains:

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Vitamin E.

MEDICAL USES

Ibn al Qayyim said that Olive is hot and wet in the first degree and that the quality of its oil depends on the tree that produces it, such that oil from unripe olives are cold and dry, while black (ripe) olives produces hot and wet oil. He mentioned that Olive Oil is useful against poisons, loosens the bowel, eject worms and strengthens the gums. From amongst the other benefit of this blessed tree he mentioned was that olive oil mixed with salty water is useful against blisters resulting from a fire burn; and the Olive leaves are useful against erysipelas (skin disease characterized by infection of the skin and underlying tissues), eczema, sores and urticaria (hives – elevated patches and severe itching caused by allergic reaction). Also all types of Olive Oil soften the skin and slow down the aging process.

Studies carried out by Egyptian researchers in 2002 found that Olive can lower blood pressure, dilate coronary blood vessels, lower blood sugar levels and regulate the heartbeat.

A Spanish study in 1992 also indicated that Oleuropeoside lowered blood sugar levels in ‘in vitro’ models of diabetes. Thus, it can be used in less serious non insulin dependent diabetes.

Studies to date confirm most of what Ibn an Qayyim said of Olive Oil.

 

APPLICATION

The olive plant can be used in more than one way, its oil should be used liberally in cooking, and as an ointment for the skin. Some other ways to use it are as follow:

For buildup of wax in the ear: place 3 to 4 drops in the ear in morning and evening for a few days until the wax softens and can be removed easily.

For type 2 Diabetes and high blood pressure: Boil about 20 dried leaves in 300ml of water, boil for 30 seconds and infuse for 10 minutes. Drink 3 cups a day during meals.

To prevent gallstones: take a 50ml of Olive Oil between meals

To reduce the pain of already existing gallstones: Take 50 – 150ml of Olive oil.

 

CAUTIONS

The Olive has no known side effect.

 

 

And Allah knows best.

ONE UNIQUE FEATURE.

Writer: ABDULGONIYYADEOLA

One unique feature of the Islamic sublime nature is its amazingly awesome style and method. This when compared with other systems reveal a wide gap of differences. As an example, the prayer is worthy of mention. When Muslims pray to their Lord, we find rows of men standing side by side, with their bodies and minds linked together. The rich and the poor, old and young, all come together as brethren, one to another in an aura of love. How good! Then, one man from among them stands in front to lead them in prayer. His appearance is simple, he does not have to be the most honourable in status, but he has to be followed by all as he has been chosen to lead. What about mistakes? He is not free from it of course, but he can correct himself and as well be corrected right there at the same moment. He may also feel the need to excuse himself if he cannot continue. What is more? While on duty, he backs others, but they all follow him without the need for him to check if they are compliant. Now, compare this with the military arrangement where the men stand at a minimal distance from one another, with a distinction according to rank, to obey the orders of a mandated and preferred Commander who has to face them and dish out orders by shouting and also watch out for erring soldiers. And then, who dares correct him there if he makes a mistake? The differences are contrastingly sharp.

What about the Zakat, a soul purifier done by purifying the wealth of all Muslims and fostering the spirit of love among mankind. This social reformation tool is better by far when compared with the conventional taxation which has no distinction according to status, but ensures that monies are returned to the illegal usurpers. Then the Sawm comes to balance the equation between the filled and the empty and also give mankind the innumerable blessings of their Lord. For a complete month, it is blessings unlimited, which other system of life has its equivalent? The Hajj is also another means to showcase the beauty of the religion. As a great assembly of men whose hearts are close to their Creator, doing His bidding in one location. At this time, the height of humility and submission can be attained, and life in its totality seems irrelevant. What other gathering of men has this phenomenon? The answer is as simple as 1+1.EQUATIONAL AS ISLAM

On a funny note, I have to say this. I experienced this at my former school. Early in the morning, people of another religion go around to call their members by preaching, singing, and all sorts, but for the Muslims, it is not like that. The Muadhin comes in front of the mosque to make the Adhan, and from all corners, the brethrens converge at the mosque to pray. When I observed this, I was truly amazed, and happy the more that I am a Muslim. This is indeed a blessing which is unquantifiable.

All these are based on the belief in one God, the Sovereign and ever-living, not a man-made collection of duties which has a hollow base, like the Shajaratun khabeethah having no stability, (Ibrahim [14] vs. 26.)

WATCHING MOVIES IN ISLAM, IT’S RULING.

ISLAM SOCIETY

Writer: Aminat MCB/100L

“Verily, the hearing, the sight, and the heart of each of those ones will be questioned by Allah” Surah al-Isra’ V:36

Watching movies includes looking at things that are haram such as seeing awrahs, following immoral actions or listening to things that are haraam such as music and obscene talk. Undoubtedly it is haraam to watch them in this case.

If the movies are free from such things, then there is nothing wrong with watching them, so long as that does not distract one from remembering Allah or keep one from doing something obligatory.

No distinction is made between documentaries and other kinds of movies.

Take note however, watching movies has a bad effect on the individual and the ummah. These include the following:

Provocation of desires.

Propagation of immorality which is made attractive and easily accessible.

Teaching and justification of crime and making it familiar to the young and the old.

Corruption of married life by making the wife seem ugly to the husband and vice versa by showing images of attractive girls and men.

Spreading corrupt beliefs which are based on kaafir theories such as the theory of evolution or attributing the powers of destruction and creation to inventors and researchers or propagating magic, soothsaying and claims of knowing the unseen or making fun of religion and religious people.

Wasting of time and draining away of  energy, while living with illusions far removed  from reality.

 

Shaykh Ibn Jibreen (May Allah preserve him) said: Another of the evils of looking at those beguiling images and enjoying watching images which are shown in movies which show images of adorned women, especially those which are broadcast from foreign countries, and those that are shown via satellite, etc.

“They are a fitnah. The one who looks at those images cannot be sure that he will remain uninfluenced by the images of the women or the ones who are committing evil and showing him the way to do it. He may not be able to control himself and stop himself from looking for ways to fulfill his desire, if he does not have the faith to stop him looking at these images, whether they are drawings, photographs in the pages of newspapers and magazines, or they are shown in the direct broadcast or in movies and the likes”

Surah al-Isra’ V:36

“Verily, the hearing, the sight, and the heart of each of those ones will be questioned by Allah”

Surah al-Noor V:30

“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and protect their private parts…”

Everything starts with a look, and big fires start from little sparks. As long as a man’s eyes are looking around, looking into the eyes of others, he is in a state of danger. His eyes may delight in that which could destroy his heart.

The movies can be very dangerous and has harmful effects on Islamic beliefs (‘aqedah), morals and state of the society. This is because it includes the presentation of bad morals, tempting scenes, immoral pictures, semi-nakedness, destructive speech, and kufr. It encourages imitation of  their conduct (the kuffar) and ways of dressing etc.

O CHRIST WORSHIPPER!

A poem by Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyyah

 

O Christ-worshippers! We want an answer to our question [from your wise ones],

If the Lord was murdered by some people’s act, what kind of god is this?

We wonder! Was He pleased by what they did to Him?

If yes, blessed be they, they achieved His pleasure,

But if He was discontented, this means their power had subjugated Him!

Was the whole entity left without a Sustainer, so who answered the prayers?

Were the heavens vacated, when He laid under the ground somewhere?

Were all the worlds left without a God, to manage while His hands were nailed?

Why did not the angels help Him, when they heard him while he wailed?

How could the rods stand to bear the True Lord when He was fastened,

How could the irons reached Him and [had] His body pinned?

How could His enemies’ hands reach Him and slap His rear,

And was Christ revived by himself, or was the Reviver another god?

What a sight it was, a grave that enclosed a god,

Stranger still is the belly that confined Him!

He stayed there for nine months in utter darkness, fed by blood!

Then he got out of the womb as a small baby,

Weak and gasping to be breast-fed!

He ate and drank, and did what that naturally resulted,

Is this [what you call] a god?

High Exalted be Allah above the lies of Christians,

All of them will be held accountable for their libels!

O Cross-worshippers! For what reason is this exalted and blame [is cast upon those] who reject it?

Is it not logical to break and burn it, along with the one who innovated it?

Since the Lord was crucified on it, and his hands were fastened to it?

That is really a cursed cross to carry,

So discard it, do not kiss it!

The Lord was abused on it, and you adore it?

So [it is clear that] you are one of His enemies!

If you extol it because it carried the Lord of the Worlds,

Why don’t you prostrate yourself and worship graves,

Since the grave contained your god in it?

So Christ-worshipper, open your eyes,

This is what the matter is all about.

NOMOPHOBIA: THE DISEASE AFFECTING ALL

One of the hardest task in this 21st century is for the youths to spend just thirty minutes without “touching” their phones!

 

Almost everyone is now a phone addict.

It’s the last thing you touch before you sleep at night.

It’s the first thing you touch when you wake up at dawn.

 

Some even plug earpieces in their ears overnight.

Some will keep awake all night to download films but can’t wake up for tahajud.

Some are always “online” chatting.

As early as 6am they are online, and will remain online till midnight.

They have thousands of friends online whom they chat with but they don’t relate with their families at home.

 

They isolate themselves in their rooms.

They will argue till midnight about aqeedah issues, yet by fajr time, will be sleeping and snoring!

Immediately after the tasleem in solah, you see people pressing their phone buttons again, no time for adhkaar!

As if all their past and future sins have already been forgiven!

SEE! SEE! SEE!

 

When accidents happen, instead of saving lives, you see people snapping the victims with their phones.

When a house is burning, instead of quenching it, you see people snapping on. They want to be the first to upload it on social network.

When they loose loved ones, instead of minding the funeral issues, the first thing they do is uploading the news on social network, perhaps to get comments!

We are so addicted to phones, we even chat when we are on motorcycles.

Some still chat in the exam halls.

Some play games with their phones in the masjid.

Subhanallah

What a fitnah that has befallen the Ummah.

 

Some watch films in the masjid.

Along the road, some keep rubbing their screens, until perhaps they are narrowly missed by an oncoming vehicle or until slipped by a banana peel.

Even when we have guests, we still concentrate on our phones than our guests.

Some ignore their SPOUSES because they are chatting with “friends” on Facebook!

Some use Suratul Asr to hasten their solah because of their phones, not knowing that Suratul Asr is talking about spending time with doing righteous deeds.

Many are those whose phones have made them “hypocrites”. Many are those whose phones are leading them to hellfire.

Because of your phone, you are the last person to come to Juma’ah and you are always the first

person to leave!

Allah said, “Closer and closer to mankind comes their judgement, yet they don’t take heed, and they turn away” (Sura Al- Anbiyaa vs 1)

Sheikh Uthaymeen (rahimahuLlah) said, Whoever does not spend his time for the sake of Allah, what is better for him is DEATH!

May Allah forgive our numerous sins, Ameen.

Please educate others, May Allaah reward your efforts, Ameen.

Nomophobia is a psychological disorder that makes a person constantly afraid of being without their cell phones. Beware.

-Culled from a Facebook post by Sheik AbdulRaheem. Modifications by An-Nuur Press Agency