CRACK! GOES THE KRAKATOA

… They say the eruption darkened the sky for years afterwards, and produced spectacular sunsets throughout the world for many months.

… They say for several years following the eruption, the moon appeared to be blue, even green. That people begin to see lavender suns.

… They say it was gigantic, indescribable. That the world has never seen its like before.

… They say it was Krakatoa, in 1883.

KRAKATOA: The Boom of a Century.

In the annals of volcanic eruptions, the eruption of the volcanic island of Krakatoa in 1883 stands out. We’ve heard of volcanic eruptions: they are disasters; yes. They claim lives; yes. They destroy property; yes. But if an eruptive event from a single source can claim more than 36000 lives, then it becomes a tough nut to crack, it becomes Krakatoa.

Krakatoa was a volcanic island located close to the island of Java in Indonesia. When it erupted in 1883, few of the people living near it took the warning it had been giving for months seriously. As it erupted on August 26 1883, however, not only the island’s inhabitants would be hit by one of the worst volcanic event ever, but the whole world would be a spectator to a natural disaster unique in the whole of human history.

Before, During & After

Krakatoa had been giving warning signs for months. Prior to that day, a sharp increase in its activity have been noted: it was spewing out ash clouds and sailors around the area noted they have to keep their ships at anchor more often because of the increase in the tide, which are caused by minor earthquakes in the vicinity of the island.

As the morning of the 27th dawned, Krakatoa finally exploded. In multiple eruptions, two-third of the island was blown away. The explosion was so loud that it was heard in a settlement in Australia, 3110kms away. Barometers in ships sailing on nearby seas went haywire – the pressure generated actually deafened their sailors (so the barometer problem was understandable).

Krakatoa’s eruption had a long term effect on the earth’s atmosphere. The volcanic ashes were thrown up with such force that they circled the globe seven times, causing blue moons and lavender suns sightings in some places. Neighboring islands were awashed with tsunamic floods and some even lost their entire inhabitants, reverting to jungle.

The long term effect of the eruption have been of interest to vulcanologists, climatologists and oceanographers for years, it was observed that in the years following the eruption, summer temperature in Europe and North America decreased somewhat, and weather pattern was chaotic for some years.

That was what has been said about Krakatoa, Krakatoa that goes crack! A tough nut to crack.

Historical figures cited courtesy of Wikipedia.com, spacebus.com and topsten.com

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